The Two Best Practices for Successful Online Teaching and Learning

Kenneth Palmer

Given that the onset of COVID-19 quite a few several years back, the recognition of on the internet studying has swiftly amplified. Due to the flexibility, numerous learners want pursuing their college or university levels from property at their have tempo and time that will work around spouse and children and get the job done obligations.

As an on the net teacher and school advancement practitioner for above 20 yrs, I have identified the next to be some of the execs and drawbacks of on line education:


  • The flexibility and comfort of college students doing the job at their very own speed and time
  • No commuting or parking hassles
  • Pupils can attend courses from any spot of their option
  • Learners are responsible for their have mastering
  • Enhanced college student attendance
  • Students master from other college students with many diverse backgrounds
  • The textbooks are generally administered as e-books and are significantly less high priced
  • Tuition is generally more very affordable than tuition billed for regular classes


  • Pupils skip the encounter-to-experience conversation with the instructors and college students
  • Some students favor to go to classic lessons with an instructor existing
  • Finding out the expected know-how could be complicated and too much to handle
  • Pupils may perhaps not be self-disciplined, producing it simple to procrastinate
  • On-line studying could not be the preferred studying atmosphere for everybody
  • The university may well will need to devote in added technological innovation training for instructors

All through my tenure as a university professor, I served as the director of college enhancement for a number of online faculties and universities. My major role was to guarantee that instructors have been becoming successful and following the good adult discovering rules in their online lecture rooms. 1 way in which I achieved this was by conducting a complete classroom observation of their courses. When conducting these observations, I identified that there have been numerous essential practices that prosperous instructors instituted in their educating however, soon after observing so many lecture rooms around the several years, I discovered a pattern of two essential techniques that made the most important effect on the degree of results for all those instructors. In addition, instructors who utilized these two tactics, tended to have the greatest college student evaluations. These two procedures are 1) visibility and 2) speedy responses.


The to start with crucial exercise is visibility. To be obvious in an on the net classroom is to be available to pupils. Pupils require to know that the teacher is current and is readily available and completely ready to accommodate their worries, demands, and requests.

There are a number of methods in which an on the internet instructor can attain this. Just one way is to make sure the instructor posts their get in touch with details and business several hours in various regions of the class that are quickly available, which include the announcement discussion board and the syllabus. Pupils may need to have to contact the instructor—this will ensure that they have a indicates of accomplishing this.

A next way to be obvious in the classroom is by earning absolutely sure the teacher responds to all scholar inquiries in a well timed vogue in accordance with the college plan. For most universities, this is amongst 24 and 48 hrs. Instructors should really test to show up in the classroom no a lot less than 5 situations a week.

Yet another way of becoming obvious in the classroom is by way of day-to-day/weekly bulletins. This is the instructor’s opportunity to communicate with all learners and deal with any upcoming assignments or considerations immediately to the full course. When teaching my on line classes, I use the announcement part to put up messages, updates, existing developments in the area, weekly assignments and wrap ups, and info that the learners will want to know for the upcoming 7 days.

At last, and most significant for visibility, is to be present in the dialogue board forum as considerably as feasible. The dialogue board discussion board ordinarily consists of a problem that encourages responses from college students and gives learners a chance to meet many others. In the discussion board discussion board, pupils share some of their activities, views, and tips with each and every other. The instructor’s job in the dialogue board forum is to problem pupils to think critically and outside of the box, as perfectly as steering college students in the appropriate route. 1 way of carrying out this is to use the Socratic approach of questioning. The Socratic approach is intended to encourage pupils to keep on the dialogue. In addition, instructors should look at thanking learners publicly in the dialogue board forum for submitted discussion posts that exhibit vital imagining principles. As shown, the role of the teacher in the discussion board forum is vital. The forum is in which the instructor will be ready to exhibit the optimum stage of visibility in the classroom.

Fast responses

The second vital follow that is vital for on line instructing accomplishment is rapid feedback. On the 1st day of class, instructors want to plainly communicate how their college students will be graded. College students need to know what to count on from the study course as nicely as what to count on from their instructor.

Back in your college times, how a lot of of you had been nervous to get your graded assignments and tests returned? Students want to know their grades from assignments and tests and never want to wait. This quickness in grading shows the students that instructors treatment about the college student. The instructors that I have noticed who return grades quickly tend to have a bigger level of student pleasure and improved general pupil retention in their lessons. From experience, I have often produced it a practice and priority to quality all assignments and exams just before the deadline given by the college. I can convey to you from my possess particular knowledge with scholar pleasure surveys that students genuinely recognize rapid grading feed-back.

The instructors I have observed who are prosperous in their online classes view rapid feed-back as not only grading in a well timed trend, but also answering scholar inquiries as quickly as possible.

Furnishing fast comments is not the only critical standards right here, but also how instructors present the feed-back as properly. For case in point, when it arrives to delivering responses on assignments and examinations, it is a good idea for instructors to be favourable and encouraging while employing interpretive and descriptive opinions. Even if the university student did not cope with an assignment flawlessly, instructors must emphasize the regions that want enhancement, but also target on places the place the college student carried out very well.

Encouraging pupils as perfectly as pointing out their deficiencies in a good manner is a major function of the position of the instructor and is vital for university student results. Instructors really should offer pupils with substantive feedback and illustrations and refer them to supplemental resources of supplemental facts when ideal. Also, instructor feed-back desires to be unique and deliver distinct suggestions on spots that have to have enhancement.

Yet another way to supply quick responses is to call all those learners who have not been present in course, have not been taking part, or have been undertaking improperly. There could be lots of explanations as to why they have not participated, and it is critical to guide them in resolving some of these concerns and finding them actively again in class.

To summarize, there are quite a few vital ideas that instructors must be cognizant of to be productive as an online instructor. Nonetheless, dependent on my observation as a faculty growth practitioner in quite a few on the internet lecture rooms, I observed instructors who are most effective use related essential techniques. I noticed that two key techniques had a significant affect on their success—visibility and speedy suggestions. From these observations, I also arrived to the conclusion that both equally of these crucial techniques ended up remarkably linked to scholar satisfaction, as perfectly as enhanced student retention.

Dr. Al Infande is an on the internet human sources college at Columbia Southern University in Orange Seaside, Ala. He also serves as a professor at numerous faculties and universities exactly where he teaches courses in human means administration.

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